Tobacco Control Policies to Promote Health Equity (R01 Clinical Trial Optional)

NIMHD supports observational or interventional research focused on reducing disparities in tobacco use and secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure in the United States through novel state- and local-level tobacco prevention and control policies. The long-term goal of this initiative is to reduce disparities in tobacco-related cancers and thereby promote health equity among all populations. (For applications related to health economics, please consult NOT-OD-16-025.)

Evidence-based policy approaches to tobacco prevention and control have the potential to further decrease the health and economic burdens of tobacco use and to reduce the wide disparities in tobacco use and tobacco-caused cancers across various subpopulations in the United States. The main objective of this grant program is to understand how to improve the effectiveness of existing tobacco prevention and control policies, as well as to study new policy approaches to reducing disparities in commercial tobacco use and SHS exposure.

Primary research topics that fall within the scope of this FOA include the following:

  • Comprehensive smoke-free policies (e.g., how to increase adoption and implementation of comprehensive smoke free policies in workplaces, multi-unit housing, homes, vehicles, parks)
  • Policies to reduce the appeal of tobacco products through advertising and marketing restrictions at the state or local level or reduce the demand for tobacco products with various pricing interventions
  • Policies related to coverage for tobacco dependence treatment (e.g., state, local, and/or federal policies affecting access to, affordability of, and use of cessation services among high-risk populations; the impact of surcharges on tobacco users)
  • Overarching policy environment (e.g., studies that examine the dynamic interplay of different tobacco prevention and control policies on tobacco use, how tobacco control policies may work together to reduce tobacco use among both youth and adults, focusing on how to accelerate progress in communities that have experienced slower declines in tobacco use)
  • Innovative dissemination and implementation of research findings

NIH Guide No.: PAR-20-302

Page updated July 23, 2021