In 2014, the rate of new cases of HIV infection in the United States was 13.8 per 100,000, but among African Americans, that rate was an astonishing 49.4 per 100,000. Between the years 2010 and 2014, 45% of all new HIV infections, 62% of newly infected women, and 64% of newly infected children aged less than 13 years were African American.
Integrative Biological and Behavioral Sciences Feature Articles
Read about NIMHD-funded research on biological, behavioral, and sociocultural influences on minority health and health disparities.
Compared with other racial and ethnic groups, African American men have higher risks of developing prostate cancer, developing it at a younger age, and having a more aggressive form of the disease. What causes this disparity, and how can it be reduced?
Juzen-taiho-to (JTT) is a mixture of medicinal plants used in Japan to help cancer patients rebuild their immune system after chemo and radiation therapy. Studies have shown that it improves the number and functioning of white blood cells, which help fight off infections, such as bacterial infections.
Researchers usually have to get a parent’s permission before enrolling a minor in a study—which can make it hard to do research with gay and bisexual youth. NIMHD-funded researchers found that 14- to 17-year-olds are capable of understanding a hypothetical study on HIV prevention.
NIMHD-supported researchers have examined the DNA of African Americans and found three new genetic variants that predict whether African Americans are likely to get venous thromboembolism (VTE).
NIMHD grantee Dr. Mary Jo Trepka has spent seven years researching segregation and its impact on the HIV/AIDS mortality rate among African Americans.