NIMHD in the News - 2017

NIMHD is a newsmaker. View news and announcements related to NIMHD.

HudsonAlpha, UAB awarded $10 million grant for newborn genome sequencing project

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August 9, 2017 — HudsonAlpha Institute for Biotechnology in collaboration with UAB School of Medicine and the University of Mississippi Medical Center were recently awarded a four-year, $10 million grant to investigate how genome sequencing can help in the diagnosis and care of babies with birth defects and genetic disorders.

Buffalo native working to challenge disparity in minority health with national research award

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August 9, 2017 — Dr. Candance Middlebrooks is at the start of new research into one of the sub-issues of sickle cell disease. “Most people think we have solved all of the issues with the disease,” said Middlebrooks. “But the issue is that people with sickle cell disease also have multiple other clinical phenotypes.”

NIH Awards $18.9M to Fund Clinical Genomics Consortium

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August 8, 2017 — The National Institutes of Health announced today that it has awarded $18.9 million in funding to seven research institutions that will act as a consortium to advance the use of genomics in the clinic.

Muscle, not brain, may hold answers to some sleep disorders

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August 3, 2017 — A new study shows that a protein in the muscle can lessen the effects of sleep loss in mice, a surprising revelation that challenges the widely accepted notion that the brain controls all aspects of sleep.

Medicine Is Getting More Precise … For White People

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August 2, 2017 — Every human on earth is unique — our genes are different, we eat different things, we live in different places. As a result, medical treatments tend to work differently on different people. Depending on your genes, a drug might cure your sickness — or it might cause a side effect that makes you sicker.

Less than half of stroke patients nationwide are prescribed recommended cholesterol-lowering medication

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August 2, 2017 — Nationwide, less than half of stroke patients discharged from the hospital received a prescription for cholesterol-lowering medications called statins, and the likelihood of a prescription varied by patients' geographic location, sex, age and race, according to new research in Journal of the American Heart Association, the Open Access Journal of the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association.

UK Doctoral Student Organized Textbook Drive

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July 26, 2017 — Along with organizing the textbook drive, Rice also spent 10 weeks in the summer of 2012 as a fellow of the National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities Minority Health International Training (MHIRT) Program where she was provided the opportunity to receive biomedical research training in an international setting.

Reaching Black Men in Barbershops Could Lead to Early Detection of Colorectal Cancer

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July 25, 2017 — Aging black men are at much greater risk of dying prematurely of colorectal cancer than any other group in the United States, and are less likely than their white counterparts to be diagnosed at an early stage of the disease. Now a new study finds that patients who participated in a patient navigator program in which they enrolled at their barbershops were twice as likely to get screened for colorectal cancer.

45 Years Ago, the Nation Learned About the Tuskegee Syphilis Study. Its Repercussions Are Still Felt Today

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July 25, 2017 — It was 45 years ago Tuesday when the nation first learned about the horrors of a federally funded experiment on unsuspecting African Americans with syphilis in rural Alabama — a study whose repercussions are still being felt today.

Future Neuroscientist Studies Antibiotic Resistance at Oxford

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July 20, 2017 — Ayón is among 14 university students, including six from CSUF, who are spending 10 weeks this summer conducting research in Argentina, the United Kingdom, Thailand and Canada through the Minority Health and Health Disparities International Research Training Program, known as MHIRT.

African-Americans with Healthier Lifestyles Had Lower Risk of High Blood Pressure

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June 26, 2017 — Among African Americans, small health improvements were associated with lower risk of developing high blood pressure, according to new research in the American Heart Association's journal Hypertension. African Americans who had at least two modifiable healthy behaviors at the beginning of the study, compared to those with one or none, researchers found the risk of high blood pressure at follow-up was reduced by 20 percent.

Integrated Medical Records Can Reduce Disparities Between Blacks and Whites in HIV Care

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June 26, 2017 — A streamlined and integrated method of tracking medical records called a laboratory health information exchange narrowed the gap in anti-retroviral therapy and viral suppression between HIV-positive blacks and whites, according to UCLA researchers. Also, the use of these exchanges led to Latinos who are HIV-positive being more likely than whites to use anti-retroviral therapy and higher viral suppression.

Local Youth Graduate from Hampton University’s Antiviolence Program

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June 25, 2017 — Over the past six months, a group of approximately 50 young people from Newport News and Hampton became, in their words, men. These young black men, ranging from 12 to 25 years old, participated in Hampton University's Promise Program, which culminated in a graduation of sorts at HU on Sunday afternoon.

How Single-Cell Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS) is Advancing the Analysis of Drug Therapies

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June 22, 2017 — In a recent webinar Lauren Amable, Ph.D., Staff Scientist, National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities (NIMHD) and Chady Stephan, Ph.D., Product Manager for Customer Solutions, PerkinElmer, Inc. discussed how the use of single cell ICP-MS is enabling researchers to see how effective a cancer drug is performing for each and every cell in a tumor.

Racism Aggravates Treatment-Resistant Asthma

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June 14, 2017 — Racial discrimination experienced by African-American children and young adults exacerbates a type of asthma known to be resistant to standard treatment, according to a study headed by researchers at UC San Francisco.

Depression Strikes Teen Girls Earlier and More Often

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May 30, 2017 — Depression among teenagers is even more common than previous estimates—especially for girls—a new study suggests. The findings show that the proportion of adolescents who experience depression is 36 percent for girls and 14 percent for boys—and that depressive episodes are associated with poor outcomes—including problems with school, relationships, and suicide attempts.

FSU Study Reports Encouraging Trend in Infant Mortality

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May 18, 2017 — Eighteen states are on track to eliminate racial disparities in infant mortality by the year 2050 if current trends hold — sooner if they accelerate — according to a newly published paper from researchers at Florida State University’s College of Medicine.

Health Disparities: Big Data to the Rescue?

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May 16, 2017 — Socially disadvantaged populations have fewer opportunities to achieve optimal health. They also experience preventable differences when facing disease or injury. These inequities, known collectively as health disparities, significantly impact personal and public health. Despite decades of research on health disparities, researchers, clinicians, and public health specialists have not seen the changes we were hoping for. Instead many health disparities are proving difficult to reduce or eliminate.

Leaving Segregated Neighborhoods Reduces Blood Pressure for Blacks

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May 15, 2017 — The systolic blood pressure readings of African-Americans dropped between one to five points when they moved to less segregated neighborhoods, reports a new Northwestern Medicine study. It is the first study to look at the longitudinal effects of living in less segregated areas on blood pressure and to compare the effect within the same individuals. Previous research showed racial residential segregation is related to a prevalence of hypertension at a single point in time.

Medical Schools, Teaching Hospitals Partner with Community to Move Toward Health Equity

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April 18, 2017 — When diabetes rates increased among minority groups in an urban neighborhood, department leaders at the local academic medical center each addressed the problem through their unique perspectives. Clinicians provided diabetes prevention education. Researchers examined the reasons for the rise in new cases. Medical school students learned about the disease and worked with diabetic patients in a free clinic.

NIH Study Shows Exercise May Lower Risk of High Blood Pressure In African Americans

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April 17, 2017 — Researchers who study cardiovascular health have long known that exercise is one way to keep high blood pressure at bay. But studies confirming this protective effect have mainly focused on white patients, leaving it unclear whether African Americans, the most vulnerable of all populations, have stood to gain in similar ways.

Wanted: An end to health crises killing Native Americans

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April 5, 2017 — Tribes in South Dakota want immediate results from a Sioux Falls-based research center in the face of deadly and destructive public health concerns. As the state’s Native Americans face higher poverty rates and less access to health insurance, tribal representatives will come together Wednesday to meet with experts and learn about ongoing research in their search for answers.

Guidelines Differ on Recommendations of Statin Treatment for African-Americans

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March 18, 2017 — Approximately 1 in 4 African American individuals recommended for statin therapy under guidelines from the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association are no longer recommended for statin therapy under guidelines from the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force, according to a study published online by JAMA Cardiology. The study is being released to coincide with its presentation at the American College of Cardiology's 66th Annual Scientific Session.

D.C. Update: FIU hosts 2017 Health Disparities Symposium

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March 3, 2017 — FIU’s Office of Research and Economic Development and the University of Miami hosted the 2017 Health Disparities Symposium at FIU in Washington, D.C. on March 1 as part of a recently announced $9.5 million endowment by the National Institutes of Health.

Caregivers of black stroke survivors spend more time; but report more positive outlook

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February 21, 2017 — Despite providing more hours of care, caregivers of black stroke survivors reported a more positive perception of caregiving than caregivers of white stroke survivors, according to new research in Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes, an American Heart Association journal.

Biomarker Predicts Poor Prognosis in African-Americans with Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

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February 20, 2017 — Having high levels of a certain biomarker is linked to poor prognosis in African-American patients with triple-negative breast cancer, while the same biomarker doesn’t influence disease outcomes in white patients, according to a new study.

Kids who live with e-cigarette users may think smoking is okay

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February 10, 2017 — Kids who don’t smoke but are around adults who use electronic cigarettes may start to think regular smoking is okay, a recent study suggests.

Integrity House Offers New Treatment Model for Previously Incarcerated People

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February 7, 2017 — There are no cookie-cutter treatments in the world of recovery. Alcoholics and Narcotics Anonymous remain the standards, but new research is showing that those programs only effect individual-level change, and for a lot of substance "abusers" the reasons for their addictions are engrained on a community-wide level.

Air pollution linked to heightened risk of Type 2 diabetes in obese Latino children

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February 7, 2017 — Latino children who live in areas with higher levels of air pollution have a heightened risk of developing Type 2 diabetes, according to a new USC-led study.

Designating the LGBTQ Community as a Health Disparity Group

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February 1, 2017 — Since the concept of clinical medicine has existed, so too has the concept that health education, outreach and research are important in the quest to provide communities and individuals with comprehensive health care and support.

Regular exercise may reduce high blood pressure risk in African Americans

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January 30, 2017 — Regular swimming, biking or even brisk walks can help African Americans lower their chance of developing high blood pressure, according to new research published in the American Heart Association’s journal Hypertension.

U-M Receives Phase II Grant from the National Institutes of Health to Further Develop OTC Screening Device for Treating Sleep Apnea

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January 26, 2017 — The University of Michigan’s Sleep and Circadian Research Laboratory and Zansors, LLC recently received a $1.5 million grant from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to further develop an over-the-counter screening device for sleep apnea.

Nurse researchers study oral bacteria linked to preterm labor in Hawaii

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January 9, 2017 — Faculty members from UH Mānoa Nursing have been awarded a $39,000 federal grant from the National Institute of Minority Health and Health Disparities through the Research Centers in Minority Institutions Translational Research Network (RTRN) to conduct a study titled “Placental Oral Microbiota Associated with Preterm Labor in Hawai‘i.”

In the age of Uber and Lyft, it’s still hard for some Americans to get to the doctor

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January 7, 2017 — Members of New York City’s fast-growing Bangladeshi American community aren’t in obvious need of transportation.