Prevention and Treatment Research to Address HIV/AIDS Disparities in Women

NIH Guide Number: RFA-MD-18-004

Council Date: June 6, 2017


This initiative will support health services and intervention research projects to understand and reduce racial/ethnic, geographic, and socioeconomic HIV disparities in US women.

Description of Initiative

This initiative will support projects to address racial/ethnic, geographic, and socioeconomic HIV disparities in US women. Projects may include intervention research to test new or adapted interventions, health services research to examine the effectiveness of exisiting programs or services, or implementation research to examine the uptake and sustainability of evidence-based interventions or practices. Projects may focus on HIV prevention, screening and diagnosis, and/or treatment. Projects should target documented disparities in HIV incidence, HIV-related service use, and/or morbidity and mortality among women from health disparity populations. Studies that address intersectionality across multiple health disparity populations are encouraged (e.g. rural/urban status among African Americans). Areas of specific interest include but are not limited to the following topics as they pertain to women from health disparity populations:

  • HIV prevention programs that address specific risk factors among women, including access to care, poverty, adverse childhood experiences, trauma exposure, interpersonal violence, substance use, cultural beliefs, gender roles, and stigma.
  • Strategies to encourage routine HIV testing among women in primary care and OB/GYN settings as well as settings that serve high risk women, including women’s shelters, mental health and substance treatment settings, and criminal justice settings.
  • System, clinician, and/or patient-level strategies to retain women in the HIV care continuum in primary care, OB/GYN, and HIV-specific service settings.
  • Implementation science approaches to inform the adoption and sustainability of evidence-based interventions and practices to prevent HIV or engage women in HIV care.