Youth Violence Prevention Interventions

NIH Guide Number: RFA-MD-18-005

Council Date: September 13, 2016


The purpose of this initiative is to support research to develop and test youth violence prevention interventions for health disparity populations that incorporate racism/discrimination prevention strategies. The target age range includes middle school to high school-aged youth, corresponding to an approximate age range of 11 to 18.

Description of Initiative

Interventions may involve (a) the combination of existing violence prevention and discrimination prevention interventions, (b) the addition of newly developed discrimination prevention elements into existing violence prevention interventions, or (c) the development of new, fully integrated violence/discrimination prevention interventions. Violence prevention targets of interest include but are not limited to the following: fighting, bullying, and other school-based violence; electronic aggression; dating violence (including physical and sexual violence); family violence; and violent behavior in juvenile justice settings.

Discrimination prevention components may address interpersonal discrimination and/or structural discrimination. Discrimination may be related to race/ethnicity and/or other statuses among youth from health disparity populations, such as gender, sexual/gender minority status, disability status, social class, religion, national origin, immigration status, limited English proficiency, or physical characteristics. Racism/discrimination prevention targets of interest include but are not limited to the following: hate crimes, teacher/classroom practices, school disciplinary practices, law enforcement practices, criminal justice practices, behavior of neighborhood businesses and services, and local media messages.